က်န္းမာေရးနဲ႔ေဆးပညာ ေမးလိုတာရွိပါက

ဒီဘေလာ့ခ္ထဲကစာေတြကို တျခားေနရာမွာ ကြ်န္ေတာ့္ခြင့္ျပဳခ်က္မပါဘဲ ကူးယူျပီး မတင္ဘို႔ စည္းကမ္း သတ္မွတ္ထားပါတယ္။

က်န္းမာေရး နဲ႔ ေဆးပညာ ေမးလိုတာရွိပါက
• ျဖစ္တဲ့သူရဲ႕ အသက္၊ က်ား-မ ေျပာပါ။ ေရာဂါလကၡဏာ ၁-၂-၃။ တခုတိုင္းက ဘယ္ေလာက္ ၾကာျပီ။
• လိုအပ္ရင္ က်န္းမာေရးရာဇဝင္၊ ဓါတ္မွန္၊ (အာလ္ထြာေဆာင္း)၊ ေဆးစစ္ခ်က္၊ လိုအပ္ရင္ အိမ္ေထာင္၊ ကေလး၊ ရွိ-မရွိ။ ေနတဲ့တိုင္းျပည္၊ ျမိဳ႕ထည့္ေရးပါ။ လူနာမည္၊ ေနရပ္လိပ္စာ အတိအက် ကိစၥမရွိပါ။
• ေဆးနာမည္ေရးရင္ Trade name ကုမၸဏီကေပးတဲ့နာမည္ သာမက Generic name ေဆးနာမည္ ထည့္ေရးပါ။
• ေဆးစာ၊ ေဆးစစ္ခ်က္၊ ေဝဒနာေတြကို စကန္လုပ္ျပီးျဖစ္ျဖစ္၊ ဓါတ္ပံုရိုက္လို႔ျဖစ္ျဖစ္ ပို႔ႏိုင္ပါတယ္။ ဓါတ္ပံုကို ခြင့္မယူဘဲ အသံုးမခ်ပါ။
• အိမ္ေထာင္ေရးနဲ႔ လိင္ပိုင္းဆိုင္ရာေမးခြန္းေတြကို Facebook ကေန မေမးပါနဲ႔ မေျဖပါ။ တိုက္ရိုက္သာ ေမးပါ။
• အီးေမးလ္ အခက္အခဲရွိလို႔ Facebook Comment မွာျဖစ္ျဖစ္ Chat box မွာျဖစ္ျဖစ္ေရးရင္လဲ အားသလား၊ ေမးလို႔ရလား ေရးမေနဘဲ၊ တခါတည္း ေမးခြန္းသာေရးလိုက္ပါ။
• SMS အေရးအသားမ်ိဳးကို မဖတ္ပါ။ ျမန္မာစကားကို အဂၤလိပ္စာလံုးနဲ႔ေရးတာကို မဖတ္ပါ။
• ဘေလာ့ခ္ နဲ႔ ေဖ့စ္ဘြတ္မွာ အေမး-အေျဖေတြကိုသံုးတဲ့အခါ ေမးတဲ့သူရဲ႕ ကိုယ္ေရး အခ်က္အလက္ေတြ မပါေစရပါ။
• ဖုန္းဆက္ျပီးေမးရင္ Time zone မတူတာေရာ၊ အသံထြက္ လြဲႏိုင္တာေရာေၾကာင့္ အဆင္မေျပပါ။
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Friday, February 3, 2012

Clinical Laboratory Tests Normal Values (3)

ဓါတ္ခြဲစစ္ေဆးခ်က္ ပံုမွန္အေျဖမ်ား (၃)
• 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D [1,25(OH)2D] Plasma 16-65 pg/mL 40-160 pmol/L
• 11-Deoxycortisol (compound S) Plasma <1 mg/dL <30 nmol/L
• 17 Hydroxyprogesterone (Men) Plasma 0.06-3.0 mg/L 0.2-9.0 nmol/L
• 17 Hydroxyprogesterone (Women) Follicular phase Plasma 0.2-1.0 mg/L 0.6-3 nmol/L
• 17 Hydroxyprogesterone (Women) Luteal phase Plasma 0.5-3.5 mg/L 1.5-10.6 nmol/L
• 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] Plasma 8-80 ng/mL 20-200 nmol/L
• Acetoacetate Plasma <3 mg/dL <0.3 mmol/L
• Adrenocorticotropin (ACTH), 8 A.M. Plasma 9-52 pg/mL 7-27-27 pmol/L
• Alanine Aminotransferase (ALT, SGPT) Serum 0-35 U/L 0-0.58 mkat/L
• Albumin Serum 3.5-5.5 g/dL 35-55 g/L
• Aldolase Serum <8.1 U/L <135 nkat/L
• Aldosterone Urine 5-19 mg/d 14-53 nmol/d
• Aldosterone, 8 A.M., (patient supine, 100 mmol/L Na and 60-100 mmol/L K intake) Plasma <8 ng/dL <220 pmol/L
• Alpha fetoprotein (adult) Serum <30 ng/mL <30 mg/L
• Alpha1 antitrypsin Serum 85-213 mg/dL 0.8-2.1 g/L
• Ammonia, as NH3 Serum 10-80 mg/dL 0-47 mmol/L
• Amylase Serum 60-150 U/L 0.8-3.2 mkat/L
• Androstenedione (Men) Plasma 0.8-1.3 ng/mL 3.0-5.0 nmol/L
• Androstenedione (Women) Plasma 1-2 ng/mL 3.5-7.0 nmol/L
• Angiotensin II, 8 A.M. Plasma 10-30 pg/mL 10-30 nmol/L
• Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) Serum <40 U/L <670 nkat/L
• Antinuclear antibody agglutination Serum <1:80 titer <1:80 titer
• Arginine vasopressin (AVP), random fluid intake Plasma 1.5-6.0 ng/L 1.4-5.6 pmol/L
• Arterial blood gas [HCO3-] Arterial Blood 21-30 meq/L 21-28 mmol/L
• Arterial blood gas PCO2 Arterial Blood 35-45 mmHg 4.7-5.9 kPa
• Arterial blood gas pH Arterial Blood 7.38-7.44
• Arterial blood gas PO2 Arterial Blood 80-100 mmHg 11-13 kPa
• Ascorbic acid (Vitamin C) Serum 0.4-1.0 mg/dL 23-57 mmol/L
• Aspartate Aminotransferase(AST, SGOT) Serum 0-35 U/L 0-0.58 mkat/L
• AVP (Arginine vasopressin), random fluid intake Plasma 1.5-6.0 ng/L 1.4-5.6 pmol/L
• Bands Blood 0-4% 0-0.04
• BASO (basophils) Blood 0-2% 0-0.02
• Basophils (BASO) Blood 0-2% 0-0.02
• Beta -Hydroxybutyrate Plasma <3 mg/dL <300 mmol/L
• Bilirubin, Direct Serum 0.1-0.3 mg/dL 1.7-5.1 mmol/L
• Bilirubin, Indirect Serum 0.2-0.7 mg/dL 3.4-12 mmol/L
• Bilirubin, total Serum 0.3-1.0 mg/dL 5.1-17 mmol/L
• Bleeding time (Simplate) Blood <7 min <7 min
• Calcitonin (Men) Plasma <13.8 pg/mL <13.8 ng/L
• Calcitonin (Women) Plasma <6.4 pg/mL <6.4 ng/L
• Calcium Serum 9-10.5 mg/dL 2.25-2.62 mmol/L
• Calcium, ionized Blood 4.5-5.6 mg/dL 1.1-1.4 mmol/L
• Carbon dioxide content Serum 23-28 meq/L 23-28 mmol/L
• Carbon dioxide tension (PCO2) Arterial blood (sea level) 35-45 mmHg 4.7-5.9 kPa
• Carboxyhemoglobin non-smoker Blood 0-2.3% 0-0.023
• Carboxyhemoglobin smoker Blood 2.1-4.2% 0.021-0.042
• Carotene Serum 75-300 mg/dL 1.4-5.6 mmol/L
• Carotenoids Serum 50-300 mg/dL 0.9-5.6 mmol/L
• Ceruloplasmin Serum 27-37 ng/dL 270-370 mg/L
• Chloride Serum 98-106 meq/L 98-106 mmol/L
• Cholesterol, HDL (Acceptable) Plasma >40 mg/dL >1.03 mmol/L
• Cholesterol, HDL (Borderline depressed) Plasma 35-39 mg/dL 0.9-1.0 mmol/L
• Cholesterol, HDL (Depressed) Plasma <35 mg/dL <0.9 mmol/L
• Cholesterol, LDL (Acceptable) Plasma <130 mg/dL <3.36 mmol/L
• Cholesterol, LDL (Borderline elevated) Plasma 131-159 mg/dL 3.36-4.11 mmol/L
• Cholesterol, LDL (Elevated) Plasma >160 mg/dL 4.14 mmol/L
• Cholesterol, Total (Acceptable) Plasma 150-199 mg/dL 3.88-5.15 mmol/L
• Cholesterol, Total (Borderline elevated) Plasma 200-239 mg/dL 5.17-6.18 mmol/L
• Cholesterol, Total (Elevated) Plasma >240 mg/dL >6.2 mmol/L
• Chorionic gonadotropin, Beta-subunit (B-hCG), (Men) and nonpregnant (Women) Plasma <3 mIU/mL <3 IU/L
• Copper Serum 70-155 mg/dL 11-24 mmol/L
• Cortisol A.M. Plasma 5-25 mg/dL 140-690 nmol/L
• Cortisol P.M. Plasma 3-12 mg/dL 80-330 nmol/L
• Cortisol Urinary Free Urine 10-50 mg/d 25-140 nmol/d
• Creatine kinase-MB Serum < 3% of total <0.03 of total
• Creatinine Serum <1.5 mg/dL <133 mmol/L
• Creatinine kinase (CK) Females Serum <190 U/L <3.17 mkat/L
• Creatinine kinase (CK) Males Serum <235 U/L <3.92 mkat/L
• Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) Plasma 2-9 ng/dL 7-31 nmol/L
• Delta-aminolevulinic acid Serum <20 mg/dL <1.5 mmol/L
• DHEA (Dehydroepiandrosterone) Plasma 2-9 ng/dL 7-31 nmol/L
• DHEA sulfate Plasma 500-2500 mg/dL 1.3-6.8 mmol/L
• EOS (eosinophils) Blood 0-7% 0-0.07
• Eosinophils (EOS) Blood 0-7% 0-0.07
• Erythrocyte count Blood 4.15-4.90 × 106/mm3 4.15-4.90 × 1012/L
• Erythropoietin Serum 5-36 U/L
• Estradiol (Men) Plasma <50 pg/mL <180 pmol/L
• Estradiol (Women) (higher at ovulation) Plasma 20-60 pg/mL 70-220 pmol/L
• Ethanol Blood <0.005% <0.005%
• Euglobulin lysis time Blood >2 h >2 h
• Fatty acids, free (nonesterified) Plasma <18 mg/dL 180 mg/L
• Ferritin (Men) Serum 15-400 ng/mL 15-400 mg/L
• Ferritin (Women) Serum 10-200 ng/mL 10-200 mg/L
• Fibrinogen Plasma 150-400 mg/dL 1.5-4 g/L
• Folate Serum 2.5-20 ng/mL >4.3 nmol/L
• Folate, red cell Red blood cells 160-855 ng/mL >95 nmol/L
• Folic acid Red cell 150-450 ng/mL cells 340-1020 nmol/L cells
• Folic acid Serum 3-16 ng/mL cells 7-36 nmol/L cells
• Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) (Men) Plasma 0.9-15 mIU/mL 0.9-15 IU/L
• Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) Post(Men)opausal (Women) Plasma 34-96 mIU/mL 34-96 IU/L
• Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) (Women) Ovulatory surge Plasma 2.3-21 mIU/mL 2.3-21 IU/L
• Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)(Women) Mature, pre(Men)opausal, except at ovulation Plasma 1.4-9.6 mIU/mL 1.4-9.6 IU/L
• FSH (Follicle-stimulating hormone) Plasma 0.9-15 mIU/mL 0.9-15 IU/L
• Gastrin Serum 40-180 pg/mL 40-180 ng/L
• Glucagon Plasma 50-100 pg/mL 50-100 ng/L
• Glucose fasting (Diabetes mellitus) Plasma >140 mg/dL >7.8 mmol/L
• Glucose fasting (Normal) Plasma 75-115 mg/dL 4.2-6.4 mmol/L
• Glucose--2 hour post prandial (Impaired glucose tolerance) Plasma 140-200 mg/dL 7.8-11.1 mmol/L
• Glucose--2 hour post prandial (Normal) Plasma <140 mg/dL <7.8 mmol/L
• Glucose--2 hour postprandial (Diabetes mellitus) Plasma >200 mg/dL >11.1 mmol/L
• Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase Blood 12.1 ± 2 IU/g Hb 0.78 ± 0.13 MU/mol Hb
• Growth hormone, after 100 g oral glucose Serum <2 ng/mL <2 mg/L
• Ham's test (acid serum) Blood Negative Negative
• Haptoglobin (serum) Blood 50-220 mg/dL 0.5-2.2 g/L
• HbF (Hemoglobin, fetal) Blood <2% <0.02
• HCT Females (hematocrit) Blood 37-48% 0.37-0.48
• HCT Males (Hematocrit) Blood 42-52% 0.42-0.52
• Hematocrit Females (HCT) Blood 37-48% 0.37-0.48
• Hematocrit Males (HCT) Blood 42-52% 0.42-0.52
• Hemoglobin A1c Whole Blood 3.8-6.4% 0.038-0.064
• Hemoglobin A2 (HbA2) Blood 1.5-3.5% 0.015-0.035
• Hemoglobin Female Blood 12-16 g/dL 120-160 g/L
• Hemoglobin Male Blood 14-18 g/dL 140-180 g/L
• Hemoglobin Whole blood Females Blood 12-16 g/dL 7.4-9.9 mmol/L
• Hemoglobin Whole blood Males Blood 13-18 g/dL 8.1-11.2 mmol/L
• Hemoglobin, fetal (HbF) Blood <2% <0.02
• Insulin, fasting Serum or Plasma 6-26 mU/mL 43-186 pmol/L
• Iron Serum 60-150 mg/dL 11-29 mmol/L
• Iron Saturation Serum 20-45% 0.2-0.45
• Iron-binding capacity Serum 250-370 mg/dL 45-66 mmol/L
• Lactate (Lactic acid) Plasma 6-16 mg/dL 0.67-1.8 mmol/L
• Lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) Serum 100-190 U/L 1.7-3.2 mkat/L
• Lactate dehydrogenase isoenzymes Fraction 1 (of total) Serum 14-26% 0.14-0.25
• Lactate dehydrogenase isoenzymes Fraction 2 (of total) Serum 29-39% 0.29-0.39
• Lactate dehydrogenase isoenzymes Fraction 3 (of total) Serum 20-26% 0.20-0.25
• Lactate dehydrogenase isoenzymes Fraction 4 (of total) Serum 8-16% 0.08-0.16
• Lactate dehydrogenase isoenzymes Fraction 5 (of total) Serum 6-16% 0.06-0.16
• LAP (leukocyte alkaline phosphatase) Blood 13-100 m/L 0.2-1.6 mkat/L
• LDH (Lactate dehydrogenase) Serum 100-190 U/L 1.7-3.2 mkat/L
• Lead Serum <40 mg/dL <1.9 mmol/L
• Leukocyte Alkaline phosphatase (LAP) Blood 13-100 m/L 0.2-1.6 mkat/L
• Leukocyte Count (WBC, white blood cell count) Blood 4.3-10.8 × 103/mm3 4.3-10.8 × 109/L
• Lipase Serum 0-160 U/L 0-2.66 mkat/L
• Lipoprotein (a) Serum 0-3 mg/dL 0-300 mg/L
• Lutenizing hormon (Men) Serum 1.3-13 mIU/mL 1.3-13 IU/L
• Lutenizing hormone (Women) Mature, pre(Men)opausal, except at ovulation Serum 0.8-26 mIU/mL 0.8-26 IU/L
• Lutenizing hormone (Women) Ovulatory surge Serum 25-57 mIU/mL 25-57 IU/L
• Lutenizing hormone (Women) Post(Men)opausal Serum 40-104 mIU/mL 40-104 IU/L
• Lymphocytes (Lymphs) Blood 16-45% 0.16-0.45
• Lymphs (lymphocyes) Blood 16-45% 0.16-0.45
• Magnesium Serum 1.8-3 mg/dL 0.8-1.2 mmol/L
• MCH (Mean corpuscular hemoglobin) Blood 28-33 pg/cell 28-33 pg/cell
• MCHC (Mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration) Blood 32-36 g/dL 320-360 g/L
• MCV (Mean corpuscular volume) Blood 86-98 mm3 86-98 fl
• Mean corpuscular hemoglobin (MCH) Blood 28-33 pg/cell 28-33 pg/cell
• Mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration (MCHC) Blood 32-36 g/dL 320-360 g/L
• Mean corpuscular volume (MCV) Blood 86-98 mm3 86-98 fl
• Mono (monocytes) Blood 4-10% 0.04-0.10
• Monocytes (Mono) Blood 4-10% 0.04-0.10
• Myoglobin Serum <55 ng/L <55 mg/L
• Neutrophils (Poly, PMN) Blood 45-74% 0.45-0.74
• Osmolality Plasma 285-295 mosmol/kg serum water 285-295 mmol/kg serum water
• Oxygen percent saturation (sea level) B, arterial 97% 0.97 mol/mol
• Oxygen tension (PO2) Blood 80-100 mmHg 11-13 kPa
• Parathyroid hormone Serum 10-60 pg/mL 10-60 ng/L
• Parathyroid hormone-related protein Plasma <1.3 pmol/L <1.3 pmol/L
• pH Arterial Blood 7.38-7.44 7.38-7.44
• Phosphatase, acid Serum 0-5.5 U/L 0.90 nkat/L
• Phosphatase, alkaline Serum 30-120 U/L 0.5-2.0 nkat/L
• Phosphorus, inorganic Serum 3-4.5 mg/dL 1.0-1.4 mmol/L
• Platelets Blood 130,000-400,000/mm3 130-400 × 109/L
• PMN (neutrophils, Poly) Blood 45-74% 0.45-0.74
• Poly (neutrophils, PMN) Blood 45-74% 0.45-0.74
• Potassium Serum 3.5-5.0 meq/L 3.5-5.0 mmol/L
• Progesterone (Men), prepubertal girls, preovulatory (Women), post(Men)opausal (Women) Plasma <2 ng/mL <6 nmol/L
• Progesterone (Women), luteal, peak Plasma 2-20 ng/mL 6-60 nmol/L
• Prolactin Serum 2-15 ng/mL 2-15 mg/L
• Prostate specific antigen >40 years Serum 0.0-4.0 ng/mL 0.0-4.0 mg/L
• Prostate specific antigen Male: <40 years Serum 0.0-2.0 ng/mL 0.0-2.0 mg/L
• Prostate-specific antigen (PSA)Female Serum <0.5 ng/mL <0.5 mg/L
• Protein, total Serum 5.5-8.0 g/dL 55-80 g/L
• Protoporphyrin, free erythrocyte (FEP) Blood 16-36 mg/dL of red blood cells 0.28-0.64 mmol/L of red blood cells
• PSA, free, in males 45-75 years, with PSA values between 4 and 20 mg/mL Serum >25% associated with benign prostatic hyperplasia >0.25 associated with benign prostatic hyperplasia
• Pyruvate Plasma 0.5-1.5 mg/dL 60-170 mmol/L
• RDW (Red cell distribution width) Blood 13-15% 0.13-0.15
• Red cell distribution width (RDW) Blood 13-15% 0.13-0.15
• Reverse T3 (rT3) Serum 2.6-18.9 ng/dL 0.04-0.29 nmol/L
• Rheumatoid factor Serum <40 IU/mL <40 kIU/L
• rT3 (Reverse T3) Serum 2.6-18.9 ng/dL 0.04-0.29 nmol/L
• Sodium Serum 136-145 meq/L 136-145 mmol/L
• Sucrose hemolysis Blood Negative Negative
• T3 (Free) Serum 230-420 pg/dL 3.5-6.5 pmol/L
• T3 (Total) Serum 60-181 ng.dL 0.9-2.8 nmol/L
• Testosterone (Men) Plasma 3-10 ng/mL 10-35 nmol/L
• Testosterone (Women) Plasma <1 ng/mL <3.5 nmol/L
• Thyroglobulin Serum 0-60 ng/mL 0-60 mg/L
• Thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) Serum 0.4-5.0 mU/mL 0.4-5.0 mU/L
• Thyroxine (T4) Serum 5-12 mg/dL 64-154 nmol/L
• Transferrin Serum 230-390 mg/dL 2.3-3.9 g/L
• Triglycerides Serum <160 mg/dL <1.8 mmol/L
• Troponin I Serum 0-0.4 ng/mL 0-0.4 mg/L
• Troponin T Serum 0-0.1 ng/mL 0-0.1 mg/L
• TSH (Thyroid stimulating hormone) Serum 0.4-5.0 mU/mL 0.4-5.0 mU/L
• Urea nitrogen Serum 10-20 mg/dL 3.6-7.1 mmol/L
• Uric acid (Men) Serum 2.5-8.0 mg/dL 150-480 mmol/L
• Uric acid (Women) Serum 1.5-6.0 mg/dL 90-360 mmol/L
• Vitamin A Serum 20-100 mg/dL 0.7-3.5 mmol/L
• Vitamin B1 (thiamine) Serum 0-2 mg/dL 0-75 nmol/L
• Vitamin B12 Serum 200-600 pg/mL 148-443 pmol/L
• Vitamin B2 (riboflavin) Serum 4-24 mg/dL 106-638 nmol/L
• Vitamin B6 Plasma 5-30 ng/ml 20-121 nmol/L
• Vitamin C (ascorbic acid) Serum 0.4-1.0 mg/dL 23-57 mmol/L
• Vitamin D3,1,25-dihydroxy Serum 25-45 pg/mL 60-108 pmol/L
• Vitamin D3,25-hydroxy
• Winter Plasma 14-42 ng/mL 34.9-105 nmol/L
• Vitamin D3,25-hydroxy
• Summer Plasma 15-80 ng/mL 37.4-200 nmol/L
• Vitamin E Serum 5-18 mg/mL 12-42 mmol/L
• von Willebrand's antigen Blood 60-150% 60-150%
• WBC (leukocyte count, white blood cell count) Blood 4.3-10.8 × 103/mm3 4.3-10.8 × 109/L
• Westergren Sed Rate Females < 50 y/o Blood 0-20 mm/h 0-20 mm/h
• Westergren Sed Rate Females > 50 y/o Blood 0-30 mm/h 0-30 mm/h
• Westergren Sed Rate Males < 50 y/o Blood 0-15 mm/h 0-15 mm/h
• Westergren Sed Rate Males >50 y/o Blood 0-20 mm/h 0-20 mm/h
• White blood cell count (leukocyte count, WBC) Blood 4.3-10.8 × 103/mm3 4.3-10.8 × 109/L
• Zinc Serum 75-120 mg/dL 11.5-18.5 mmol/L