က်န္းမာေရးနဲ႔ေဆးပညာ ေမးလိုတာရွိပါက

ဒီဘေလာ့ခ္ထဲကစာေတြကို တျခားေနရာမွာ ကြ်န္ေတာ့္ခြင့္ျပဳခ်က္မပါဘဲ ကူးယူျပီး မတင္ဘို႔ စည္းကမ္း သတ္မွတ္ထားပါတယ္။

က်န္းမာေရး နဲ႔ ေဆးပညာ ေမးလိုတာရွိပါက
• ျဖစ္တဲ့သူရဲ႕ အသက္၊ က်ား-မ ေျပာပါ။ ေရာဂါလကၡဏာ ၁-၂-၃။ တခုတိုင္းက ဘယ္ေလာက္ ၾကာျပီ။
• လိုအပ္ရင္ က်န္းမာေရးရာဇဝင္၊ ဓါတ္မွန္၊ (အာလ္ထြာေဆာင္း)၊ ေဆးစစ္ခ်က္၊ လိုအပ္ရင္ အိမ္ေထာင္၊ ကေလး၊ ရွိ-မရွိ။ ေနတဲ့တိုင္းျပည္၊ ျမိဳ႕ထည့္ေရးပါ။ လူနာမည္၊ ေနရပ္လိပ္စာအတိအက် ကိစၥမရွိပါ။
• ေဆးနာမည္ေရးရင္ Trade name ကုမၸဏီကေပးတဲ့နာမည္သာမက Generic name ေဆးနာမည္ ထည့္ေရးပါ။
• ေဆးစာ၊ ေဆးစစ္ခ်က္၊ ေဝဒနာေတြကို စကန္လုပ္ျပီးျဖစ္ျဖစ္၊ ဓါတ္ပံုရိုက္လို႔ျဖစ္ျဖစ္ ပို႔ႏိုင္ပါတယ္။ ဓါတ္ပံုကို ခြင့္မယူဘဲ အသံုးမခ်ပါ။
• အိမ္ေထာင္ေရးနဲ႔ လိင္ပိုင္းဆိုင္ရာေမးခြန္းေတြကို Facebook ကေန မေမးပါနဲ႔ မေျဖပါ။ တိုက္ရိုက္သာေမးပါ။
• အီးေမးလ္ အခက္အခဲရွိလို႔ Facebook message မွာျဖစ္ျဖစ္ Chat box မွာျဖစ္ျဖစ္ေရးရင္လဲ အားသလား၊ ေမးလို႔ရလား ေရးမေနဘဲ၊ တခါတည္း ေမးခြန္းသာေရးလိုက္ပါ။
• Facebook Comment ကေနေမးတာ-ေျဖတာ အဆင္မေျပပါ။
စာရွည္ေရးမရပါ။ သူမ်ားေတြကို အေႏွာင့္အယွက္ျဖစ္ႏိုင္ပါတယ္။
• နာမ္စားသံုးတာမွာ ကိုယ္ကိုယ္ကို ‘သား’၊ ‘သမီး’ လို႔ သံုးရင္ ေမးတဲ့သူရဲ႕ သားသမီးလား ထင္မွတ္မွားႏိုင္တာသတိျပဳပါ။
• SMS အေရးအသားမ်ိဳးကို မဖတ္ပါ။ ျမန္မာစကားကို အဂၤလိပ္စာလံုးနဲ႔ေရးတာကို မဖတ္ပါ။
• ဘေလာ့ခ္ နဲ႔ ေဖ့စ္ဘြတ္မွာ အေမး-အေျဖေတြကိုသံုးတဲ့အခါ ေမးတဲ့သူရဲ႕ ကိုယ္ေရး အခ်က္အလက္ေတြ မပါေစရပါ။
• ဖုန္းဆက္ျပီးေမးရင္ Time zone မတူတာေရာ၊ အသံထြက္ လြဲႏိုင္တာေရာေၾကာင့္ အဆင္မေျပပါ။ ကြ်န္ေတာ့္မွာ Viber မရွိပါ။ ေဖ့စ္ဘြတ္ ဖုန္း-ဗီဒီယို အဆင္မေျပပါ။ Skype ကိုေတာ့ ႏိုင္ငံေရးနဲ႔ မိသားစုအတြက္သာသံုးပါတယ္။
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Wednesday, October 2, 2013

Clinical Laboratory Tests Normal Values ဓါတ္ခြဲခန္း စစ္ေဆးခ်က္ ပံုမွန္အေျဖမ်ား

1. Blood
• Acetoacetate Plasma <3 mg/dL <0.3 mmol/L
• Adrenocorticotrophic Hormone (ACTH) 20-100 pg/ml
• Adrenocorticotropin (ACTH), 8 A.M. Plasma 9-52 pg/mL 7-27-27 pmol/L
• Alanine Aminotransferase (ALT, SGPT) Serum 0-35 U/L 0-0.58 mkat/L
• Albumin (serum) 35-50 g/L
• Albumin Serum 3.5-5.5 g/dL 35-55 g/L
• Aldolase Serum <8.1 U/L <135 nkat/L
• Aldosterone Urine 5-19 mg/d 14-53 nmol/d
• Aldosterone, 8 A.M., (patient supine, 100 mmol/L Na and 60-100 mmol/L K intake) Plasma <8 ng/dL <220 pmol/L
• Alkaline phosphatase (serum) 35-100 U/L
• Alpha fetoprotein (adult) Serum <30 ng/mL <30 mg/L
• Alpha1 antitrypsin Serum 85-213 mg/dL 0.8-2.1 g/L
• Aminotransferase (transaminase) (serum) - Alanine (ALT; SGPT) 3-36 U/L - Aspartate (AST; SGOT) 0-35 U/L - Gamma glutamyl transferase - - Female 10-30 U/L - - Male 10-35 U/L
• Ammonia, as NH3 Serum 10-80 mg/dL 0-47 mmol/L
• Amylase (serum) <160 U/L
• Amylase Serum 60-150 U/L 0.8-3.2 mkat/L
• Androstenedione (Men) Plasma 0.8-1.3 ng/mL 3.0-5.0 nmol/L
• Androstenedione (Women) Plasma 1-2 ng/mL 3.5-7.0 nmol/L
• Angiotensin II, 8 A.M. Plasma 10-30 pg/mL 10-30 nmol/L
• Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) Serum <40 U/L <670 nkat/L
• Antinuclear antibody agglutination Serum <1:80 titer <1:80 titer
• Arginine vasopressin (AVP), random fluid intake Plasma 1.5-6.0 ng/L 1.4-5.6 pmol/L
• Arterial blood gas [HCO3-] Arterial Blood 21-30 meq/L 21-28 mmol/L
• Arterial blood gas PCO2 Arterial Blood 35-45 mmHg 4.7-5.9 kPa
• Arterial blood gas pH Arterial Blood 7.38-7.44
• Arterial blood gas PO2 Arterial Blood 80-100 mmHg 11-13 kPa
• Ascorbic acid (Vitamin C) Serum 0.4-1.0 mg/dL 23-57 mmol/L
• Aspartate Aminotransferase(AST, SGOT) Serum 0-35 U/L 0-0.58 mkat/L
• AVP (Arginine vasopressin), random fluid intake Plasma 1.5-6.0 ng/L 1.4-5.6 pmol/L
• Bands 1 - 5%
• Bands Blood 0-4% 0-0.04
• BASO (basophils) Blood 0-2% 0-0.02
• Basophils (bas) = 0-2%
• Basophils (BASO) Blood 0-2% 0-0.02
• Basophils 0 - 1%
• BE 0 to +4 mmol/L ENDOCRINE VALUES
• BE -2 to +2 mmol/L VENOUS VALUES
• Beta -Hydroxybutyrate Plasma <3 mg/dL <300 mmol/L
• Bicarbonate (HCO3) (serum) 24-30 mmol/L
• Bilirubin (serum) - Direct (conjugated) <7 µmol/L - Total <26 µmol/L
• Bilirubin, Direct Serum 0.1-0.3 mg/dL 1.7-5.1 mmol/L
• Bilirubin, Indirect Serum 0.2-0.7 mg/dL 3.4-12 mmol/L
• Bilirubin, total Serum 0.3-1.0 mg/dL 5.1-17 mmol/L
• Bleeding time (Ivy) < 9 minutes
• Bleeding time (Simplate) Blood <7 min <7 min
• Calcitonin (Men) Plasma <13.8 pg/mL <13.8 ng/L
• Calcitonin (Women) Plasma <6.4 pg/mL <6.4 ng/L
• Calcium (serum) - Total 2.18-2.58 mmol/L - Ionized 1.05-1.30 mmol/L
• Calcium <7.3 mmol/day
• Calcium Serum 9-10.5 mg/dL 2.25-2.62 mmol/L
• Calcium, ionized Blood 4.5-5.6 mg/dL 1.1-1.4 mmol/L
• Carbon dioxide content Serum 23-28 meq/L 23-28 mmol/L
• Carbon dioxide tension (PCO2) Arterial blood (sea level) 35-45 mmHg 4.7-5.9 kPa
• Carboxyhemoglobin non-smoker Blood 0-2.3% 0-0.023
• Carboxyhemoglobin smoker Blood 2.1-4.2% 0.021-0.042
• Cardiac Index 2.5 - 4.2 L / min / m squared
• Cardiac Output 4 - 8 LPM
• Carotene Serum 75-300 mg/dL 1.4-5.6 mmol/L
• Carotenoids Serum 50-300 mg/dL 0.9-5.6 mmol/L
• CD4+ (absolute count) 416 - 1751/µL
• CD4+ (normal % value) 31 - 63%
• CD4+ = 31-63%' 416-1751/µL (Absolute #)
• Cell count <4 x 106/L
• Central Venous Pressure 2 - 6 mm Hg; 2.5 - 12 cm H2O
• Cerebral Perfusion Pressure 70 - 90 mm Hg
• Ceruloplasmin Serum 27-37 ng/dL 270-370 mg/L
• Chloride (serum) 98-106 mmol/L
• Chloride 110-250 mmol/day
• Chloride Serum 98-106 meq/L 98-106 mmol/L
• Cholesterol (serum) <5.2 mmol/L
• Cholesterol, HDL (Acceptable) Plasma >40 mg/dL >1.03 mmol/L
• Cholesterol, HDL (Borderline depressed) Plasma 35-39 mg/dL 0.9-1.0 mmol/L
• Cholesterol, HDL (Depressed) Plasma <35 mg/dL <0.9 mmol/L
• Cholesterol, LDL (Acceptable) Plasma <130 mg/dL <3.36 mmol/L
• Cholesterol, LDL (Borderline elevated) Plasma 131-159 mg/dL 3.36-4.11 mmol/L
• Cholesterol, LDL (Elevated) Plasma >160 mg/dL 4.14 mmol/L
• Cholesterol, Total (Acceptable) Plasma 150-199 mg/dL 3.88-5.15 mmol/L
• Cholesterol, Total (Borderline elevated) Plasma 200-239 mg/dL 5.17-6.18 mmol/L
• Cholesterol, Total (Elevated) Plasma >240 mg/dL >6.2 mmol/L
• Chorionic gonadotropin, Beta-subunit (B-hCG), (Men) and nonpregnant (Women) Plasma <3 mIU/mL <3 IU/L
• Coefficient of variation = 11.5-14.5%; standard deviation = 35-47 fL
• Copper Serum 70-155 mg/dL 11-24 mmol/L
• Cortisol 160-810 mmol/L
• Cortisol A.M. Plasma 5-25 mg/dL 140-690 nmol/L
• Cortisol P.M. Plasma 3-12 mg/dL 80-330 nmol/L
• Cortisol Urinary Free Urine 10-50 mg/d 25-140 nmol/d
• Creatine kinase (CK) (serum) 5-130 U/L
• Creatine kinase-MB Serum < 3% of total <0.03 of total
• Creatinine (serum) - Female 50-90 µmol/L - Male 70-120 µmol/L
• Creatinine 6.2-17.7 mmol/day
• Creatinine kinase (CK) Females Serum <190 U/L <3.17 mkat/L
• Creatinine kinase (CK) Males Serum <235 U/L <3.92 mkat/L
• Creatinine Serum <1.5 mg/dL <133 mmol/L
• Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) Plasma 2-9 ng/dL 7-31 nmol/L
• Delta-aminolevulinic acid Serum <20 mg/dL <1.5 mmol/L
• DHEA (Dehydroepiandrosterone) Plasma 2-9 ng/dL 7-31 nmol/L
• DHEA sulfate Plasma 500-2500 mg/dL 1.3-6.8 mmol/L
• Diastolic Arterial Pressure 60 - 90 mm Hg
• Ejection Fraction 60 - 75%
• Eosinophils (eos) = 0-7%
• Eosinophils 1 - 5%
• Erythrocyte count Blood 4.15-4.90 × 106/mm3 4.15-4.90 × 1012/L
• Erythrocyte sedimentation rate (Westergren) ESR - Female < 10 mm/hour - Male < 6 mm/hour
• Erythropoietin Serum 5-36 U/L
• Estradiol (Men) Plasma <50 pg/mL <180 pmol/L
• Estradiol (Women) (higher at ovulation) Plasma 20-60 pg/mL 70-220 pmol/L
• Ethanol Blood <0.005% <0.005%
• Euglobulin lysis time Blood >2 h >2 h
• Fatty acids, free (nonesterified) Plasma <18 mg/dL 180 mg/L
• Ferritin (Men) Serum 15-400 ng/mL 15-400 mg/L
• Ferritin (Women) Serum 10-200 ng/mL 10-200 mg/L
• Ferritin 10-250 µg/L
• Fibrinogen = 170-420 mg/dL
• Fibrinogen Plasma 150-400 mg/dL 1.5-4 g/L
• Folate Serum 2.5-20 ng/mL >4.3 nmol/L
• Folate, red cell Red blood cells 160-855 ng/mL >95 nmol/L
• Folic (Folate) 7-36 nmol/L
• Folic acid Red cell 150-450 ng/mL cells 340-1020 nmol/L cells
• Folic acid Serum 3-16 ng/mL cells 7-36 nmol/L cells
• Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) (Men) Plasma 0.9-15 mIU/mL 0.9-15 IU/L
• Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) (Women) Ovulatory surge Plasma 2.3-21 mIU/mL 2.3-21 IU/L
• Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) Post(Men)opausal (Women) Plasma 34-96 mIU/mL 34-96 IU/L
• Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)(Women) Mature, pre(Men)opausal, except at ovulation Plasma 1.4-9.6 mIU/mL 1.4-9.6 IU/L
• FSH (Follicle-stimulating hormone) Plasma 0.9-15 mIU/mL 0.9-15 IU/L
• Gastrin Serum 40-180 pg/mL 40-180 ng/L
• Glucagon Plasma 50-100 pg/mL 50-100 ng/L
• Glucose 2-4 mmol/L
• Glucose 40 - 85 mg/dL
• Glucose fasting (Diabetes mellitus) Plasma >140 mg/dL >7.8 mmol/L
• Glucose fasting (Normal) Plasma 75-115 mg/dL 4.2-6.4 mmol/L
• Glucose fasting (serum) 3.3-5.8 mmol/L
• Glucose--2 hour post prandial (Impaired glucose tolerance) Plasma 140-200 mg/dL 7.8-11.1 mmol/L
• Glucose--2 hour post prandial (Normal) Plasma <140 mg/dL <7.8 mmol/L
• Glucose--2 hour postprandial (Diabetes mellitus) Plasma >200 mg/dL >11.1 mmol/L
• Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase Blood 12.1 ± 2 IU/g Hb 0.78 ± 0.13 MU/mol Hb
• Growth hormone, after 100 g oral glucose Serum <2 ng/mL <2 mg/L
• Ham's test (acid serum) Blood Negative Negative
• Haptoglobin (serum) Blood 50-220 mg/dL 0.5-2.2 g/L
• HbF (Hemoglobin, fetal) Blood <2% <0.02
• HCO3 22 - 26 mEq/L
• HCO3 22 - 29 mEq/L
• Hct (Child) 30 - 42%
• Hct (Female) 34 - 47%
• Hct (Male) 39 - 54%
• HCT Females (hematocrit) Blood 37-48% 0.37-0.48
• HCT Males (Hematocrit) Blood 42-52% 0.42-0.52
• Hematocrit (Hct) - Female 0.370-0.460 - Male 0.420-0.520
• Hematocrit (Hct) = 40-52% (Male); 37-46% (Female); 31-43% (Child)
• Hematocrit Females (HCT) Blood 37-48% 0.37-0.48
• Hematocrit Males (HCT) Blood 42-52% 0.42-0.52
• Hemoglobin (Hb) - Female 123-157 g/L - Male 140-174 g/L
• Hemoglobin (Hb) = 13.2-16.2 gm/dL (Male); 12.0-15.2 gm/dL (Female)
• Hemoglobin A1C 4-6%
• Hemoglobin A1c Whole Blood 3.8-6.4% 0.038-0.064
• Hemoglobin A2 (HbA2) Blood 1.5-3.5% 0.015-0.035
• Hemoglobin Female Blood 12-16 g/dL 120-160 g/L
• Hemoglobin Male Blood 14-18 g/dL 140-180 g/L
• Hemoglobin Whole blood Females Blood 12-16 g/dL 7.4-9.9 mmol/L
• Hemoglobin Whole blood Males Blood 13-18 g/dL 8.1-11.2 mmol/L
• Hemoglobin, fetal (HbF) Blood <2% <0.02
• Hgb (child) 10 - 14 g/dL
• Hgb (Female) 11 - 16 g/dL
• Hgb (Male) 14 - 18 g/dL
• Hgb (Newborn) 15 - 25 g/dL
• High density lipoprotein (HDL) >0.9 mmol/L
• Immature Polys (bands) = 0-10%
• Insulin, fasting Serum or Plasma 6-26 mU/mL 43-186 pmol/L
• International Normalized Ratio (INR) 0.9-1.2
• Intracranial Pressure 5 - 15 mm Hg or 5 - 10 cm H2O ARTERIAL VALUES
• Iron (serum) 11-32 µmol/L
• Iron Saturation Serum 20-45% 0.2-0.45
• Iron Serum 60-150 mg/dL 11-29 mmol/L
• Iron Studies သံဓါတ္ စစ္ေဆးျခင္း၊ - Total Serum Iron (TSI) - 76-198 µg/dL (Male) - 26-170 µg/dL (Female) - Total Iron-Binding Capacity (TIBC) = 262-474 µg/dL - Transferrin = 204-360 mg/dL - Ferritin = 18-250 ng/mL (Male); 12-160 ng/mL (Female)
• Iron-binding capacity Serum 250-370 mg/dL 45-66 mmol/L
• Lactate (Lactic acid) Plasma 6-16 mg/dL 0.67-1.8 mmol/L
• Lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) (serum) 95-195 U/L
• Lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) Serum 100-190 U/L 1.7-3.2 mkat/L
• Lactate dehydrogenase isoenzymes Fraction 1 (of total) Serum 14-26% 0.14-0.25
• Lactate dehydrogenase isoenzymes Fraction 2 (of total) Serum 29-39% 0.29-0.39
• Lactate dehydrogenase isoenzymes Fraction 3 (of total) Serum 20-26% 0.20-0.25
• Lactate dehydrogenase isoenzymes Fraction 4 (of total) Serum 8-16% 0.08-0.16
• Lactate dehydrogenase isoenzymes Fraction 5 (of total) Serum 6-16% 0.06-0.16
• LAP (leukocyte alkaline phosphatase) Blood 13-100 m/L 0.2-1.6 mkat/L
• LDH (Lactate dehydrogenase) Serum 100-190 U/L 1.7-3.2 mkat/L
• Lead Serum <40 mg/dL <1.9 mmol/L
• Left Arterial Pressure 4 - 12 mm Hg
• Left Ventricular Stroke Work Index 40 - 70 g / m squared / beat
• Leukocyte Alkaline phosphatase (LAP) Blood 13-100 m/L 0.2-1.6 mkat/L
• Leukocyte Count (WBC, white blood cell count) Blood 4.3-10.8 × 103/mm3 4.3-10.8 × 109/L
• Lipase (serum) <160 U/L
• Lipase Serum 0-160 U/L 0-2.66 mkat/L
• Lipoprotein (a) Serum 0-3 mg/dL 0-300 mg/L
• Liver function tests
- ALT. 7 to 55 units per liter (U/L)
- AST. 8 to 48 U/L
- ALP. 45 to 115 U/L
- Albumin. 3.5 to 5.0 grams per deciliter (g/dL)
- Total protein. 6.3 to 7.9 g/dL
- Bilirubin. 0.1 to 1.0 mg/dL
- GGT. 9 to 48 U/L
- LD. 122 to 222 U/L
- PT. 9.5 to 13.8 seconds
• Low density lipoprotein (LDL) <3.37 mmol/L
• Lutenizing hormon (Men) Serum 1.3-13 mIU/mL 1.3-13 IU/L
• Lutenizing hormone (Women) Mature, pre(Men)opausal, except at ovulation Serum 0.8-26 mIU/mL 0.8-26 IU/L
• Lutenizing hormone (Women) Ovulatory surge Serum 25-57 mIU/mL 25-57 IU/L
• Lutenizing hormone (Women) Post(Men)opausal Serum 40-104 mIU/mL 40-104 IU/L
• Lymphocytes = 20-50%
• Lymphocytes 16-45% 0.16-0.45
• Lymphocytes 14 - 44%
• Magnesium (serum) 0.75-0.95 mmol/L
• Magnesium Serum 1.8-3 mg/dL 0.8-1.2 mmol/L
• MCH (Mean corpuscular hemoglobin) Blood 28-33 pg/cell 28-33 pg/cell
• MCH 27 - 35 pg
• MCHC (Mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration) Blood 32-36 g/dL 320-360 g/L
• MCHC 31 - 37%
• MCV (Mean corpuscular volume) Blood 86-98 mm3 86-98 fl
• MCV 78 - 98 fL
• Mean Arterial Pressure 70 - 105 mm Hg
• Mean Cell Hemoglobin Concentration (MCHC) = 31-35 gm/dL
• Mean corpuscular hemoglobin (MCH) 27-34 pg
• Mean corpuscular hemoglobin (MCH) Blood 28-33 pg/cell 28-33 pg/cell
• Mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration (MCHC) Blood 32-36 g/dL 320-360 g/L
• Mean corpuscular volume (MCV) 80-100 fL
• Mean corpuscular volume (MCV) Blood 86-98 mm3 86-98 fl
• Mono (monocytes) Blood 4-10% 0.04-0.10
• Monocytes (mono) = 2-12%
• Monocytes (Mono) Blood 4-10% 0.04-0.10
• Monocytes 2 - 6%
• Myoglobin Serum <55 ng/L <55 mg/L
• Neutrophils (Poly, PMN) Blood 45-74% 0.45-0.74
• Neutrophils 50 - 81%
• O2 sat 60 - 85%
• O2 sat 96 - 100%
• Osmolality (serum) 280-300 mmol/kg
• Osmolality 100-1200 mOsm/kg
• Osmolality 290 - 298 mOsm/L
• Osmolality Plasma 285-295 mosmol/kg serum water 285-295 mmol/kg serum water
• Oxygen percent saturation (sea level) B, arterial 97% 0.97 mol/mol
• Oxygen saturation (arterial blood) (SaO2) 96-100%
• Oxygen tension (PO2) Blood 80-100 mmHg 11-13 kPa
• PaCO2 (arterial blood) 35-45 mm Hg
• PaCO2 35 - 45 mm Hg
• PaCO2 41 - 51 mm Hg
• PaO2 (arterial blood) 85-105 mm Hg
• PaO2 30 - 40 mm Hg
• PaO2 85 - 100 mm Hg
• Parathyroid hormone Serum 10-60 pg/mL 10-60 ng/L
• Parathyroid hormone-related protein Plasma <1.3 pmol/L <1.3 pmol/L
• Partial Thromboplastin Time (PTT) = 18-28 seconds
• Partial thromboplastin time (PTT) 28-38 seconds
• pH 7.31 - 7.41
• pH 7.35 - 7.45
• pH Arterial Blood 7.38-7.44 7.38-7.44
• Phosphatase, acid Serum 0-5.5 U/L 0.90 nkat/L
• Phosphatase, alkaline Serum 30-120 U/L 0.5-2.0 nkat/L
• Phosphorus (inorganic) (serum) 0.8-1.5 mmol/L
• Phosphorus, inorganic Serum 3-4.5 mg/dL 1.0-1.4 mmol/L
• Platelet Count (Plt) = 140-450x103/µL
• Platelet count 130-400 X 109/L
• Platelets Blood 130,000-400,000/mm3 130-400 × 109/L
• PMN (neutrophils, Poly) Blood 45-74% 0.45-0.74
• Poly (neutrophils, PMN) Blood 45-74% 0.45-0.74
• Polymorphonuclear Cells (polys) = 35-80%
• Polymorphonuclear WBC's (PMN) 35 - 80%
• Potassium (serum) 3.5-5.0 mmol/L
• Potassium 25-120 mmol/day
• Potassium Serum 3.5-5.0 meq/L 3.5-5.0 mmol/L
• Pressure 70 - 180 mm/H2O
• Progesterone (Men), prepubertal girls, preovulatory (Women), post(Men)opausal (Women) Plasma <2 ng/mL <6 nmol/L
• Progesterone (Women), luteal, peak Plasma 2-20 ng/mL 6-60 nmol/L
• Prolactin (PRL) 0-14 ng/ml
• Prolactin Serum 2-15 ng/mL 2-15 mg/L
• Prostate specific antigen >40 years Serum 0.0-4.0 ng/mL 0.0-4.0 mg/L
• Prostate specific antigen Male: <40 years Serum 0.0-2.0 ng/mL 0.0-2.0 mg/L
• Prostate-specific antigen (PSA)Female Serum <0.5 ng/mL <0.5 mg/L
• Protein (serum) - Total 60-80 g/L - Albumin 35-50 g/L
• Protein <0.15 g/day
• Protein 15 - 45 mg/dL
• Protein, total Serum 5.5-8.0 g/dL 55-80 g/L
• Proteins (total) 0.20-0.45 g/L Urine
• Prothrombin Time (PT) = 12-14 seconds
• Prothrombin time (PT) 10-13 seconds Hemogram
• Protoporphyrin, free erythrocyte (FEP) Blood 16-36 mg/dL of red blood cells 0.28-0.64 mmol/L of red blood cells
• PSA (Prostate Specific Antigen) 0-4 µg/L
• PSA, free, in males 45-75 years, with PSA values between 4 and 20 mg/mL Serum >25% associated with benign prostatic hyperplasia >0.25 associated with benign prostatic hyperplasia
• Pulmonary Artery Diastolic 5 - 15 mm Hg
• Pulmonary Artery End Diastolic Pressure 8 - 10 mm Hg
• Pulmonary Artery Pressure 10 - 20 mm Hg
• Pulmonary Artery Systolic 15 - 30 mm Hg
• Pulmonary Artery Wedge Pressure 4 - 12 mm Hg
• Pulmonary Vascular Resistance 155 - 255 dynes / sec / cm to the negative 5
• Pulmonary Vaslular Resistance Index 255 - 285 dynes / sec / cm to the negative 5
• Pyruvate Plasma 0.5-1.5 mg/dL 60-170 mmol/L
• RBC (Child) 3.5 - 5.0 M/µL
• RBC (Female) 3.8 - 5.1 M/µL
• RBC (Male) 4.2 - 5.6 M/µL
• RBC Mean Cell Volume (MCV) = 82-102 fL (Male); 78-101 fL (Female)
• RDW (Red cell distribution width) Blood 13-15% 0.13-0.15
• Red Blood Cell Count (RBC) = 4.3-6.2x106/µL (Male); 3.8-5.5x106/µL (Female); 3.8-5.5x106/µL (Infant/Child)
• Red blood cells (RBC) - Female 4.0-5.2 X 1012/L - Male 4.4-5.7 X 1012/L
• Red cell distribution width (RDW) 11.5-14.5%
• Red cell distribution width (RDW) Blood 13-15% 0.13-0.15
• Red Cell Distribution Width (RDW) Coefficient of variation: 11.5 - 14.5%, Standard deviation: 35 - 47 fL
• Reticulocyte (adult) 0.5% - 1.5%
• Reticulocyte (infant) 0.5% - 3.1%
• Reticulocyte (newborn) 1.1% - 4.5%
• Reticulocyte = 0.5-1.5% (Adult); 1.1-4.5% (Newborn); 0.5-3.1% (Infant)
• Reticulocyte count 20-84 X 109/L
• Reverse T3 (rT3) Serum 2.6-18.9 ng/dL 0.04-0.29 nmol/L
• Rheumatoid factor Serum <40 IU/mL <40 kIU/L
• Right Atrial Pressure 4 - 6 mm Hg
• Right Ventricular End Diastolic Pressure 0 - 8 mm Hg NEUROLOGICAL VALUES
• Right Ventricular Stroke Work Index 7 - 12 g / m squared / beat
• rT3 (Reverse T3) Serum 2.6-18.9 ng/dL 0.04-0.29 nmol/L
• Serum Alpha-Fetoprotein (AFP) 0-44 ng/ml
• Sodium (serum) 135-145 mmol/L
• Sodium 25-260 mmol/day
• Sodium Serum 136-145 meq/L 136-145 mmol/L
• Stroke Volume 60 - 100 mL / beat
• Stroke Volume Index 40 - 85 mL / m squared / beat
• Sucrose hemolysis Blood Negative Negative
• Summer Plasma 15-80 ng/mL 37.4-200 nmol/L
• Systemic Vascular Resistance 900 - 1600 dynes / sec / cm to the negative 5
• Systemic Vascular Resistance Index 1970 - 2390 dynes / sec / cm to the negative 5
• Systolic Arterial Pressure 90 - 140 mm Hg
• T3 (free) 3.5-6.5 pmol/L
• T3 (Free) Serum 230-420 pg/dL 3.5-6.5 pmol/L
• T3 (Total) Serum 60-181 ng.dL 0.9-2.8 nmol/L
• T4 (free) 8.5-15.2 pmol/L
• Testosterone (Men) Plasma 3-10 ng/mL 10-35 nmol/L
• Testosterone (Women) Plasma <1 ng/mL <3.5 nmol/L
• Thyroglobulin Serum 0-60 ng/mL 0-60 mg/L
• Thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) Serum 0.4-5.0 mU/mL 0.4-5.0 mU/L
• Thyroid-stimulating hormone (sensitive) 0.4-5.0 mU/L
• Thyroxine (T4) Serum 5-12 mg/dL 64-154 nmol/L
• TIBC (Total Iron Binding Capacity) 45-82 µmol/L
• Total cell count 0 - 5 cells
• Transaminase - see Aminotransferase
• Transferrin Serum 230-390 mg/dL 2.3-3.9 g/L
• Triglycerides (serum) <2.20 mmol/L
• Triglycerides Serum <160 mg/dL <1.8 mmol/L
• Troponin I Serum 0-0.4 ng/mL 0-0.4 mg/L
• Troponin T (TnT) <0.01 µg/L
• Troponin T Serum 0-0.1 ng/mL 0-0.1 mg/L
• TSH (Thyroid stimulating hormone) Serum 0.4-5.0 mU/mL 0.4-5.0 mU/L
• Urea nitrogen (BUN) (serum) 2.5-8.0 mmol/L
• Urea nitrogen Serum 10-20 mg/dL 3.6-7.1 mmol/L
• Uric acid (Men) Serum 2.5-8.0 mg/dL 150-480 mmol/L
• Uric acid (serum) 180-420 µmol/L
• Uric acid (Women) Serum 1.5-6.0 mg/dL 90-360 mmol/L
• Vitamin A Serum 20-100 mg/dL 0.7-3.5 mmol/L
• Vitamin B1 (thiamine) Serum 0-2 mg/dL 0-75 nmol/L
• Vitamin B12 74-516 pmol/L Cerebrospinal Fluid
• Vitamin B12 Serum 200-600 pg/mL 148-443 pmol/L
• Vitamin B2 (riboflavin) Serum 4-24 mg/dL 106-638 nmol/L
• Vitamin B6 Plasma 5-30 ng/ml 20-121 nmol/L
• Vitamin C (ascorbic acid) Serum 0.4-1.0 mg/dL 23-57 mmol/L
• Vitamin D3,1,25-dihydroxy Serum 25-45 pg/mL 60-108 pmol/L
• Vitamin D3,25-hydroxy
• Vitamin D3,25-hydroxy
• Vitamin E Serum 5-18 mg/mL 12-42 mmol/L
• von Willebrand's antigen Blood 60-150% 60-150%
• WBC (Child) 5.0 - 10.0 K / mm cubed
• WBC (Female) 3.8 - 11.0 K / mm cubed
• WBC (leukocyte count, white blood cell count) Blood 4.3-10.8 × 103/mm3 4.3-10.8 × 109/L
• WBC (Male) 3.8 - 11.0 K / mm cubed
• WBC's 0 - 6 / µL HEMODYNAMIC PARAMETERS
• Westergren Sed Rate Females < 50 y/o Blood 0-20 mm/h 0-20 mm/h
• Westergren Sed Rate Females > 50 y/o Blood 0-30 mm/h 0-30 mm/h
• Westergren Sed Rate Males < 50 y/o Blood 0-15 mm/h 0-15 mm/h
• Westergren Sed Rate Males >50 y/o Blood 0-20 mm/h 0-20 mm/h
• White blood cell count (leukocyte count, WBC) Blood 4.3-10.8 × 103/mm3 4.3-10.8 × 109/L
• White Blood Cell Count (WBC) = 4.1-10.9x103/µL
• White blood cells & differential - White blood cell count (WBC) 4-10 X 109/L - Segmented neutrophils 2-7 X 109/L - Band neutrophils <0.7 X 109/L - Basophils <0.10 X 109/L - Eosinophils <0.45 X 109/L - Lymphocytes 1.5-3.4 X 109/L - Monocytes 0.14-0.86 X 109/L Chemical Constituents
• Winter Plasma 14-42 ng/mL 34.9-105 nmol/L
• Zinc Serum 75-120 mg/dL 11.5-18.5 mmol/L

2. Blood Gas ေသြးဓါတ္ေငြ႔
• - pH 7.34-7.44
• - pCO2 35-45 mmHg
• - pO2 75-100 mmHg
• - HCO3 22-26 mEq/L

3. Cardiac Tests ႏွလံုးစစ္ေဆးခ်က္မ်ား
• - Total CK 38-120 ng/mL
• - CK-MB 0-3 ng/mL
• - CK-index 0-3
• - Troponin <0.4 ng/mL

4. CARDIAC MARKERS
• Troponin I 0 - 0.1 ng/ml (onset: 4-6 hrs, peak: 12-24 hrs, return to normal: 4-7 days)
• Troponin T 0 - 0.2 ng/ml (onset: 3-4 hrs, peak: 10-24 hrs, return to normal: 10-14 days)
• Myoglobin (Male) 10 - 95 ng/ml (onset: 1-3 hrs, peak: 6-10 hrs, return to normal: 12-24 hrs)
• Myoglobin (Female) 10 - 65 ng/ml (onset: 1-3 hrs, peak: 6-10 hrs, return to normal: 12-24 hrs)
• Troponin I 0 - 0.1 ng/ml (onset: 4-6 hrs, peak: 12-24 hrs, return to normal: 4-7 days)
• Creatinine Kinase Index (CK-Index) 0 - 3
• Creatinine Kinase-MB (CK-MB) 0 - 3 ng/ml
• Total Creatinine Kinase 38 - 120 ng/ml

5. CSF ခါးရိုးထဲက အရည္စစ္ေဆးခ်က္မ်ား
• Glucose 50-80 ng/dL
• Protein 15-45 mg/dL
• RBCs 0/µL
• WBCs 0-3/µL

6. Thyroid (သိုင္းရြိဳက္) လည္ပင္းၾကီးစစ္ေဆးခ်က္မ်ား
• T3-total 60-181 ng/mL
• T4-free 0.8-1.5 ng/dL
• T4-total 5.5-12.3 ng/mL
• TBG 12-30 mg/L
• Tyroid Stimulating
• (TSH) 0.4-4.5 µIU/mL

7. Endocrine ေဟာ္မုန္းမ်ား
• 17-OHCS = <4 mg/day
• Adrenocorticotrophic Hormone (ACTH) = 20-100 pg/mL
• Alpha-Fetoprotein (AFP), serum = 0-44 ng/mL
• Beta-HCG = <5 mU/mL (Male, non-pregnant Female)
• CA 19-9 <40 U/mL
• Prolactin = 0-14 ng/mL

8. Chemistry Tests ဓါတုေဗဒ စစ္ေဆးခ်က္မ်ား
• Acetone 0.3 - 2.0 mg%
• Alanine Aminotransferase (ALT) 7 - 56 U/L
• Albumin (child) 3.8 - 5.4 gm/dL
• Albumin (newborn) 2.9 - 5.5 gm/dL
• Albumin = 3.5-4.8 U/L
• Albumin 3.5 - 5.0 gm/dL
• Alkaline phosphatase (ALP) = 38-126 U/L
• Alkaline Phosphatase 32 - 110 U/L
• Ammonia 11 - 35 µmol/L
• Amylase = 30-110 U/L
• Amylase 50 - 150 U/dL
• Anion gap 5 - 16 mEq/L
• Anti-streptolysin O Titer (ASO) (adult) <125
• Anti-streptolysin O Titer (ASO) (child) <250
• Anti-streptolysin O Titer (ASO) = <250 (school age); <125 (adult)
• Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) = 5-35 U/L
• AST, SGOT (Female) 6 - 18 U/L
• AST, SGOT (Male) 7 - 21 U/L
• Bicarbonate = 22-26 mEq/L
• Bilirubin, direct = <0.3 mg/dL
• Bilirubin, Direct 0.0 - 0.4 mg/dL
• Bilirubin, Indirect total minus direct
• Bilirubin, total = 0.2-1.3 mg/dL
• Bilirubin, Total 0.2 - 1.4 mg/dL
• BUN 6 - 23 mg/dL
• Calcium (total) 8 - 11 mg/dL
• Calcium = 8.9-10.4 mg/dL
• Carbon dioxide 21 - 34 mEq/L
• Carbon monoxide symptoms at greater than or equal to 10% saturation
• Chloride 96 - 112 mEq/L
• Cholesterol = 120-200 mg/dL
• CK-BB 0%
• CK-MM 96 - 100%
• Cortisol (8 AM) 5 - 25 gm/dL
• Cortisol (8 PM) 2 - 9 gm/dL
• Creatine (Female) 0.6 - 1.0 mg/dL
• Creatine (Male) 0.2 - 0.6 mg/dL
• Creatinine (child) 0.3 - 1.0 mg/dL
• Creatinine (newborn) 0.3 - 0.7mg/dL
• Creatinine = 0.5-1.4 mg/dL
• Creatinine 0.6 - 1.5 mg/dL
• Creatinine Kinase Isoenzyme, MB 0 - 121 U/L
• Creatinine Phosphokinase (CPK) 24 - 195 U/L
• Ethanol 0 mg%; Coma: greater than or equal to 400 - 500 mg%
• Ferritin (female) 12 - 160 ng/mL
• Ferritin (male) 18 - 250 ng/mL
• Folate 3.6 - 20 ng/mL
• Folic acid 2.0 - 21 ng/mL
• Free Thyroxine (T4 Free) 0.8 - 1.5 ng/dL
• Gamma GT = 8-78 U/L
• Gamma GT = 8 - 78 U/L
• Gamma-glutamyl transferase (GGT) (female) 1 - 70 U/L
• Gamma-glutamyl transferase (GGT) (male) 1 - 94 U/L
• Glucose = 65-110 mg/dL
• Glucose 70 - 110 mg/dL (diuresis greater than or equal to 180 mg/dL)
• Growth Hormone (female) 0 - 18 ng/mL
• Growth Hormone (male) 0 - 4 ng/mL
• HDL (Female) 38 - 94 mg/dL
• HDL (Male) 25 - 65 mg/dL
• IGF-1 (female) 142 - 329 ng/mL
• IGF-1 (male) 54 - 329 ng/mL
• Insulin 0 - 180 pmol/L
• Iron 52 - 169 µg/dL
• Iron binding capacity 246 - 455 µg/dL
• Lactate 0.3 - 2.3 mEq/L
• Lactic acid 0.4 - 2.3 mEq/L
• Lactic Dehydrogenase (LDH) 56-194 IU/L
• Lipase = 7-60 U/L
• Lipase 10 - 140 U/L
• Luteinizing Hormone (LH) (female) follicular: 3-14 IU/L, luteal: 2-14 IU/L
• Magnesium 1.5 - 2.5 mg/dL
• Osmolarity 276 - 295 mOsm/kg
• Parathyroid hormone 12 - 68 pg/mL
• Phosphorus 2.2 - 4.8 mg/dL
• Potassium = 3.6-5.0 mEq/L
• Potasssium 3.5 - 5.5 mEq/L
• Protein (total) 6.0 - 9.0 gm/dL
• Rheumatoid Factor (RF) <80 IU/ml
• SGPT 8 - 32 U/L
• Sodium = 137-145 mEq/L
• Sodium 135 - 148 mEq/L
• T3 0.8 - 1.1 µg/dL
• Thyroglobulin Less than 55 ng/mL
• Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH) 2-11 microU/L
• Thyroxine (T4) total 5 - 13 µg/dL
• Thyroxine-binding Globulin (TBG) 12 - 30 mg/L
• Total Protein = 6.3-8.2 gm/dL
• Total protein 5 - 9 gm/dL
• Total serum iron (female) 26 - 170 µg/dL
• Total serum iron (male) 76 - 198 µg/dL
• Transferrin 204 - 360 mg/dL
• Triglyceride = 50-250 mg/dL
• TSH Less than 9 µU/mL
• Urea Nitrogen (BUN) = 7-21 mg/dL
• Urea nitrogen (BUN) 7 - 25 mg/dL
• Uric acid (Female) 2.5 - 6.6 mg/dL
• Uric acid (Male) 3.5 - 7.7 mg/dL
• Uric Acid = 3.5-8.5 mg/dL
• Vitamin B12 (cobalamin) 200-800 pg/ml

9. LIPID PANEL (ADULT)
• Cholesterol (total) Less than 200 mg/dL desirable
• Cholesterol (HDL) 30 - 75 mg/dL
• Cholesterol (LDL) Less than 130 mg/dL desirable
• Triglycerides (Male) Greater than 40 - 170 mg/dL
• Triglycerides (Female) Greater than 35 - 135 mg/dL

10. COAGULATION
• ACT 90 - 130 seconds
• APTT 21 - 35 seconds
• Platelets 140,000 - 450,000 / ml
• Plasminogen 62 - 130%
• PT 10 - 14 seconds
• PTT 32 - 45 seconds
• FSP Less than 10 µg/dL
• Fibrinogen 160 - 450 mg/dL
• Bleeding time 3 - 7 minutes
• Thrombin time 11 - 15 seconds CEREBRAL SPINAL FLUID

11. Urinalysis ဆီးစစ္ခ်က္မ်ား
• Amylase 250 - 1100 IU / 24 hr
• Bilirubin = negative
• Blood = negative
• Calcium 100 - 250 mg / 24 hr
• Chloride 110 - 250 mEq / 24 hr
• Cl Less than 8 mEq/L
• Color Straw
• Creatine Clearance (Female) 10 - 20 mg / kg / 24 hr
• Creatine Clearance (Female) 80 - 130 mL / min
• Creatine Clearance (Male) 100 - 140 mL / min
• Creatine Clearance (Male) 16 - 26 mg / kg / 24 hr
• Creatinine 1 - 2 g / 24 hr
• Glucose = negative
• K Less than 8 mEq/L
• Ketone = negative
• Leukocyte = negative
• Magnesium 6 - 9 mEq / 24 hr
• Na 10 - 40 mEq/L
• Nitrite = negative
• Osmolality 450 - 900 mOsm / kg
• Osmolality 80 - 1300 mOsm/L
• pH = 5-7 - Protein = negative-trace
• pH 4.6 - 8.0
• Phosphorus 0.9 - 1.3 g / 24 hr
• Potassium 35 - 85 mEq / 24 hr
• Protein 0 - 150 mg / 24 hr
• Protein 1 - 15 mg/dL
• RBC casts 0/HPF
• RBC Casts 0/HPF
• RBCs 0-2/HPF
• RBC's 0-2/HPF
• Sodium 30 - 280 mEq / 24 hr
• Specific gravity = 1.002-1.030
• Specific Gravity 1.003 - 1.040
• Urea nitrogen 10 - 22 gm / 24 hr
• Uric acid 240 - 755 mg / 24 hr
• Urine Bilirubin Negative
• Urine Blood Negative
• Urine Ketone Negative
• Urine Leukocytes Negative
• Urine Nitrite Negative
• Urobilinogen = 0.2-1.0 Ehr U/dL Micro
• Urobilogen 0.2-1.0 Ehr U/dl
• WBCs 0-2/HPF
• WBC's 0-2/HPF

12. Miscellaneous အေထြေထြ
• - Rheumatoid Factor = <30 IU/mL
• - Prostatic Specific Antigen (PSA) = 0-4 ng/mL